Lesser Known Capitals of Bengal Before Calcutta: Geo-Historical Aspects of ‘Tanda’
Tanda was the capital of Sultan Sulaiman Khan Karrani, ruler of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, who shifted his capital from Gaur to Tanda in 1565. It was the capital of Bengal Sultanate till 1576, till Sulaiman’s son Sultan Daud Khan, declared independence from the Mughals which cost him his kingdom and life in 1576. Tanda continued as the capital of Bengal Subah of the Mughals till Raja Man Singh shifted the capital to Rajmahal in 1595, except for a short period when the capital was shifted by Munim Khan to Gaur.
Tanda was located at the juncture of Padma and Bhagirathi, about 15 miles from Gaur. As happened with many cities of Bengal located on the banks of rivers, Tanda also suffered the same fate. Tanda does not exist today. It is said that in about 1826, the city was destroyed by floods and disappeared into the river.
Beveridge, H. (Tr.). (1939). Akbarnama Vol III. The Asiatic Society.
Dorn, Bernhard (Tr.). Ullah, Neamet. (1829). History Of The Afghans.
Elliot, Sir H. M. (1872). History Of India, Vol IV. London: Trubner and Co.
Haig, Wolseley. Burn, Richard (Ed.). (1957). The Cambridge History Of India, Volume IV.
Hunter, W. W. (1876). A Statistical Account Of Bengal, Vol VII. London: Trubner and Co.
Majumdar, R. C. (1943). The History Of Bengal, Vol I, Hindu Period. Hindu Period. Dhaka : The University of Dacca.
This work is licensed & copyrighted under a creative commons Attribution-NonComercial 4.0 International License. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0
IBJCAL follow an Open Access Policy for copyright and licensing. If you are using or reproducing content from this platform, you need to appropriately cite the author(s) and journal name.