Discussion on Some Aspects of Tribal Migration and Their Engagement of Modern Economic Sectors in North-East India during the British Regime

  • Shipra Mondal
Keywords: Tribal Immigrants, Tea garden Coolies, Ex-tea garden labour, Indenture System, Arkattis, Sardari, Time-expired tribal Labourers


Internal migration is mainly led by the push-pull factors. Deductively, the economy is the most powerful element of migration. By the hand of western colonial powers, the concept of ‘worker migrants’ emerged. After the formation of colonies in South Asia, the colonial powers used to provide workers from here to their European colony with the help of the Indenture System. During this period, labourers were exported from India to Fiji, Natal, Guyana, Mauritius, Suriname and other places to work on factories of sugar, cotton, tea plantation and construction. Most of these export labourers were from tribal groups. Similarly, the European planters and Industrialists also imported labourers from different parts of the country to Assam. In this research paper, I have highlighted three points. These are: I) What were the main push-pull factors that led to enhanced tribal migration in Assam? II) Form where did the tribal people come to this region? In which area of the working sector did they engage themselves? III) Why were the tribes kept here even after the deadline of their contractual period? In which areas of the North-East of India, on the present day, can their settlement be seen? What really changed their lives after coming here?


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How to Cite
Mondal, S. (2020). Discussion on Some Aspects of Tribal Migration and Their Engagement of Modern Economic Sectors in North-East India during the British Regime . International Bilingual Journal of Culture, Anthropology and Linguistics, 2(1-2), 20-34. Retrieved from http://indianadibasi.com/journal/index.php/ibjcal/article/view/24