How long the tribes will remain “tribe”?

  • Prof. Dipak Kumar Midya
Keywords: Tribe, Morgan, primitive, colonialism

Abstract

This article addresses the very question of applicability of the notion of ‘tribe’ as used in the classical theory of cultural evolution in the hands of Lewis Henry Morgan and Emile Durkheim or in the sense of an early form of political organization to groups of present-day people who are categorized so. The post-colonial discourse on tribe is basically overloaded with the derogatory expression by which such groups of people were stigmatized with the sense of ‘primitive’, ‘junglee’ or ‘uncivilized’ since the era of Euro-American colonial expansion. It is found that as a nation with colonial hangover we have accepted the notion since it is well fitted in India with the model of social hierarchy– the dominant socio-political tool to rule over the underprivileged.

References

Beteille, Andre. (1986). The concept of tribe with special reference to India. European Journal of Sociology, 27 (2), 297-318.
Boas, Frantz. (1911). The Mind of Primitive Man. New York: Macmillan.
Cornell, T. (1995). The beginnings of Rome: Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars. London & New York: Routledge.
Dumont, Luis (1970). Homo Hierarchicus: the caste system and its implications. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Government of India (2014). Report of the Expert Group to Review the Methodology for Measurement of Poverty. New Delhi: Planning Commission.
Gregory, Robert J. (2003). Tribes and Tribal: Origin, Use, and Future of the Concept, Studies of Tribes and Tribals, 1(1), 1-5, DOI: 10.1080/0972639X.2003.11886479.
Guha, Ranajit. (1998). Dominance without Hegemony: History and Power in Colonial India. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Littlejohn, J. (1972). Social Stratification: an introduction. London: Allen and Unwin.
Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Midya, P. D. K. (2021). How long the tribes will remain “tribe”?. International Bilingual Journal of Culture, Anthropology and Linguistics, 3(1-2), 8-16. Retrieved from http://indianadibasi.com/journal/index.php/ibjcal/article/view/26