Nutritional Status, Dietary Intake And Onset of Menarche Among Socio-economically Backward Adolescent Scheduled Tribe Female Subjects of Birbhum District Of West Bengal
The present study was undertaken among adolescent female subjects belonging to low socio- economic status in the Birbhum district of West Bengal. The aim of this study is to determine the age of onset of menarche (first appearance of menstrual cycle) and the role of nutritional status if any. A cross-sectional study was conducted in four blocks of the district. Data was collected from July 2012 to April 2014, using a pre-tested structured questionnaire interview schedule; and nutritional status was measured by weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), Mid Upper arm Circumference (MUAC) and also through daily dietary intake . Data were obtained from 436 no of adolescent Scheduled tribe and Scheduled caste girls aged 10-17 years. An attempt has been made to find correlation if any between the nutritional status and menarcheal age of two different types of S.T. (Santal and Kora) populations .Dietary intake of all these subjects was also evaluated by door to door survey.
The result had revealed that these tribal adolescent girls exhibited diminished skeletal maturity and low Body Mass Index. Negative correlation was found for age at menarche and BMI. The mean Menarcheal age for these two types of tribal community in the district seemed to be significantly lower from the result obtained by other workers studied in this aspect.
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